“The Commission recommends: Congress direct the U.S. Department of Commerce and other relevant government agencies to prepare an unclassified public report, with a classified annex, examining and assessing the adequacy of U.S. export control policy for dual-use technology as it relates to U.S. treatment of Hong Kong and China as separate customs areas.
Congressional interparliamentary groups engage parliamentarians from the United Kingdom, EU, and Taiwan in a biennial review of China’s adherence to the Basic Law, with specific attention to rule of law, freedom of speech and assembly, and press freedom, and issue a report based on its findings after each review.”
(8) The US should continue to support access by HK to sensitive technologies controlled under the agreement of the Coordinating Committee for Multilateral Export Controls (commonly referred to as “COCOM”) for so long as the US is satisfied that such technologies are protected from improper use or export.”
但今年5月29日美國國會就美港政策法所提出的定期報告(Hong Kong Policy Act Report)指香港的情況令美國關注出口管制貨品的偏差 (diversion of controlled items)，其中提及商貿事宜，特別是香港政府並未履行聯合國安全理事會的決議案第2270，2321，2371，2375及2397號，原文如下：
“Export controls: The United States cooperates closely with Hong Kong on strategic trade controls and counter-proliferation initiatives. In December 2017, the U.S. and Hong Kong governments held their annual meeting on counter-proliferation cooperation in the areas of threat assessment, finance, licensing, and enforcement. The Hong Kong government is obligated to implement United Nations sanctions adopted by the Central Government, but has yet to incorporate Security Council resolutions 2270, 2321, 2371, 2375, and 2397 into its Sanctions Ordinance, inhibiting full North Korea sanctions enforcement. The U.S. Department of Commerce, which employs a full-time Export Control Officer to conduct end-use checks, industry outreach, and government liaison work, continues to raise concerns about the diversion of controlled items, including during its annual bilateral discussion about strategic trade controls. The U.S. and Hong Kong governments have taken steps together to tighten licensing requirements as well as holding joint seminars for industry groups, publishing due diligence guidance to raise industry awareness about transshipment risks, and cooperating on ongoing investigations.”
“Unlike Mainland China, Hong Kong is also eligible to receive controlled U.S. defense articles sold via direct commercial sale. The Department of State, which licenses commercial sales of such articles under the International Traffic in Arms Regulations, ensures compliance via its Blue Lantern end-use monitoring program, and works with the Hong Kong government to reduce the risk of diversion.”
 USCC (2018) Chapter 3 Section 4 China and Hong Kong，2018 REPORT TO CONGRESS of the U.S.-CHINA ECONOMIC AND SECURITY REVIEW COMMISSION, Nov 14, 2018 https://www.uscc.gov/sites/default/files/annual_reports/2018%20Annual%20Report%20to%20Congress.pdf