Naval “How to Get Rich (without getting lucky)” Twitter 中文翻譯

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如何不靠運氣致富

如何不靠運氣致富

Naval 的這篇「 How to Get Rich (without getting lucky)」推文是在 2018 年 5 月發的,至今已經獲得 22.3 萬個喜歡、6.9 萬次 retweet,超過 10.8 萬人收藏這篇推文。最早會知道這篇是聽股癌 Podcast EP290 介紹這篇推文,聽了覺得講的很有道理於是就找原文來看也順便翻譯一下讓大家也一起看一下。

這篇真的講到很多讓人生少走點路的概念,就像原文標題講的,如果真的照著這篇文章的東西做,就算不用運氣你應該也可以致富,所以就來看一下這篇從以前紅到現在的推文葫蘆裡賣了什麼藥吧。


原文連結:Naval “How to Get Rich (without getting lucky)” Twitter 中文翻譯

歡迎到我的部落格看更多文章☝️

如何不依賴運氣致富(原文翻譯)

你需要尋求財富而非金錢或社會地位,財富是指在你睡覺時可以幫你賺錢的資產(股票、債券、公司、自媒體),金錢是我們轉換時間和財富的方式,地位就是你在社會階級上的位置。

有道德的賺錢是可以實現的,如果你心裡鄙視財富,它就會躲避你。

忽略那些玩地位遊戲的人,他們通過攻擊那些創造財富的人來獲得地位。

出租你的時間(勞力)不會讓你致富,你必須擁有股權(持有生意、資產、股票)才能獲得你的財務自由。

你可以通過提供社會它想要但還不知道如何得到的東西並且把它規模化而致富。

選擇一個你可以長線經營且與一直都有人在玩的產業

網路已經大大擴展了職涯的可能性,但大多數人還沒有意識到這一點。

玩複利遊戲,生命中的所有回報,無論是財富,人際關係還是知識,都來自複利。

選擇具有高智商、活力誠信正直(最重要)的商業夥伴。

不要和憤世嫉俗、消極悲觀的人合作,他們的都是自我滿足的人。

學會銷售、學會創造。如果你兩者都能做到,你將無法被阻擋。

三件武器用來增加自己實力:專業知識、責任和槓桿。

專業知識是無法單純被訓練出來的知識,如果社會可以培訓你,它也可以培訓其他人並取代你。

專業知識是通過追求你真正好奇心和熱情所發現,而不是看現在紅什麼東西就去追什麼。

建立專業知識對你來說會感覺像在玩耍,但對別人來說看起來卻像在工作。

專業知識很難在學校學習,通常是透過師徒制的方式來學。

專業知識通常是高度技術性或創造性的,它不能被外包或自動化。

擁抱責任和自己的名義承擔業務風險,社會會覺得你是一個有責任感的人,並用股權和槓桿來回報你。

這些負責任的人都擁有獨特的、公開的和冒險的品牌:奧普拉、川普、康耶和伊隆馬斯克。

「給我一個足夠長的槓桿、一個立足之地,我就可以移動地球。」- 阿基米德

財富需要槓桿。商業槓桿來自資本、人力和產品,這些產品沒有複製的邊際成本(代碼和媒體)。

資本意味著金錢,為了籌集資金,運用你的專業知識、承擔責任,並顯示出好的判斷力。

勞力意味著人們為你工作。這是最古老、最爭議的槓桿形式。勞動槓桿會讓你的父母印象深刻,但不要浪費你的一生去追求它。

資本和勞動是有許可的槓桿。每個人都在追求資本,但必須有人給你資本。每個人都試圖領導,但必須有人跟隨你。

代碼和媒體是不需要許可的槓桿。他們是新富人身後的槓桿。你可以創建軟體和媒體,讓它們在你睡覺時為你工作。

現在可以自由使用機器大軍,它們就在數據中心裡,利用它吧!

如果你不會寫程式,就寫書和部落格,錄制影片和 Podcast。

槓桿是增加你判斷力的加速器。

判斷需要經驗,但可以通過學習以下基礎技能來更快地建立。

沒有叫做「商業」的技能,避開商業雜誌和商業課程。

學習微觀經濟學、博弈論、心理學、說服術、倫理學、數學和電腦。

閱讀比聽更快。做比看更快。

你應該太忙了,以至於沒有時間「喝咖啡」,但保持整個行程仍是有條不紊。

設定和執行自己的理想時薪,如果解決問題的效益低於你的時薪,那就忽略它。如果外包一項任務的成本低於你的時薪,那就把它外包。

盡你所能努力工作,甚至與你工作的人(同事)和你工作的東西(做什麼)比你多努力工作還重要。

當你要做的領域中最強的人,不斷重新定義你所做的事情,直到這件事成真。

沒有快速致富的計劃,那些都是別人想靠你獲取財富的方式。

運用專業知識、槓桿,最終你會得到你應得的回報。

當你最終富有時,你會意識到這不是你一開始追求的,但那是另一天的事情。


附上原始推文

原文如下

How to Get Rich (without getting lucky):

Seek wealth, not money or status. Wealth is having assets that earn while you sleep. Money is how we transfer time and wealth. Status is your place in the social hierarchy.

Understand that ethical wealth creation is possible. If you secretly despise wealth, it will elude you.

Ignore people playing status games. They gain status by attacking people playing wealth creation games.

You’re not going to get rich renting out your time. You must own equity – a piece of a business – to gain your financial freedom.

You will get rich by giving society what it wants but does not yet know how to get. At scale.

Pick an industry where you can play long term games with long term people.

The Internet has massively broadened the possible space of careers. Most people haven’t figured this out yet.

Play iterated games. All the returns in life, whether in wealth, relationships, or knowledge, come from compound interest.

Pick business partners with high intelligence, energy, and, above all, integrity.

Don’t partner with cynics and pessimists. Their beliefs are self-fulfilling.

Learn to sell. Learn to build. If you can do both, you will be unstoppable.

Arm yourself with specific knowledge, accountability, and leverage.

Specific knowledge is knowledge that you cannot be trained for. If society can train you, it can train someone else, and replace you.

Specific knowledge is found by pursuing your genuine curiosity and passion rather than whatever is hot right now.

Building specific knowledge will feel like play to you but will look like work to others.

When specific knowledge is taught, it’s through apprenticeships, not schools.

Specific knowledge is often highly technical or creative. It cannot be outsourced or automated.

Embrace accountability, and take business risks under your own name. Society will reward you with responsibility, equity, and leverage.

The most accountable people have singular, public, and risky brands: Oprah, Trump, Kanye, Elon.

“Give me a lever long enough, and a place to stand, and I will move the earth.” – Archimedes

Fortunes require leverage. Business leverage comes from capital, people, and products with no marginal cost of replication (code and media).

Capital means money. To raise money, apply your specific knowledge, with accountability, and show resulting good judgment.

Labor means people working for you. It’s the oldest and most fought-over form of leverage. Labor leverage will impress your parents, but don’t waste your life chasing it.

Capital and labor are permissioned leverage. Everyone is chasing capital, but someone has to give it to you. Everyone is trying to lead, but someone has to follow you.

Code and media are permissionless leverage. They’re the leverage behind the newly rich. You can create software and media that works for you while you sleep.

An army of robots is freely available – it’s just packed in data centers for heat and space efficiency. Use it.

If you can’t code, write books and blogs, record videos and podcasts.

Leverage is a force multiplier for your judgement.

Judgement requires experience, but can be built faster by learning foundational skills.

There is no skill called “business.” Avoid business magazines and business classes.

Study microeconomics, game theory, psychology, persuasion, ethics, mathematics, and computers.

Reading is faster than listening. Doing is faster than watching.

You should be too busy to “do coffee,” while still keeping an uncluttered calendar.

Set and enforce an aspirational personal hourly rate. If fixing a problem will save less than your hourly rate, ignore it. If outsourcing a task will cost less than your hourly rate, outsource it.

Work as hard as you can. Even though who you work with and what you work on are more important than how hard you work.

Become the best in the world at what you do. Keep redefining what you do until this is true.

There are no get rich quick schemes. That’s just someone else getting rich off you.

Apply specific knowledge, with leverage, and eventually you will get what you deserve.

When you’re finally wealthy, you’ll realize that it wasn’t what you were seeking in the first place. But that’s for another day.


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常見問題:

如何不靠運氣成功致富?

你需要尋求財富而非金錢或社會地位,出租你的時間(勞力)不會讓你致富,你必須擁有股權(持有生意、資產、股票)才能獲得你的財務自由。你可以通過提供社會它想要但還不知道如何得到的東西並且把它規模化而致富,選擇一個你可以長線經營且與一直都有人在玩的產業


How to Get Rich without getting lucky?

Seek wealth, not money or status. Ignore people playing status games. Building specific knowledge will feel like play to you but will look like work to others.


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